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Key words Year R

 

We use the Letters and Sounds scheme to teach your children letter sounds, which helps them start to become readers.

 

Alongside this, the children learn to read and spell common words called ‘high frequency’ words. Children should be able to read them and spell them by the end of the school year. You can print them out to use as flashcards by clicking here, or better still make a game (see below for ideas).

 

High Frequency Words - Reception Year

all

 

am

 

and

 

are

 

at

 

away

 

big

 

can

 

cat

 

come

 

dad

 

day

 

dog

 

for

 

get

 

go

 

going

 

he

 

in

 

is

 

it

 

like

 

look

 

me

 

mum

 

my

 

no

 

of

 

on

 

play

 

said

 

see

 

she

 

the

 

they

 

this

 

to

 

up

 

was

 

we

 

went

 

yes

 


 

Ideas for games to play with the flashcards

 

Print two copies of the words, using two different colours of paper, and cut out the word cards. The first thing you need to do is to limit the number of word cards you use at any one time. For a 4-5 year old, no more than 6 words will avoid overloading them (4 might be even better). Hide the rest away for another day.

 

Simple matching game

 

Not so much a game this one, as there is no winner, but many young children seem to enjoy straightforward matching activities without the need for any competitiveness! Spread out six cards of one colour (face up), reading each word out as you put it down. Then give your child the matching cards in the other colour. Read out the first word for them and ask them if they can find the matching word and place their card next to it. It can help to hold the card next to each word in turn to enable easy matching. You can encourage them and emphasise the word, e.g. "This word is 'and' - does that one say 'and'? No, let's try this one. Is it 'and'?" etc.

 

Pelmanism

 

Spread out your two sets of matching cards, face down. Take turns to pick up two cards, one of each colour. Read each word as you or your child turns it over. Check whether the words match - if they do, keep them and have another go. If they don't, put them back face down and let the other player have a turn. Soon, your child will begin to read the words without you.

 

Snap

 

Shuffle up the cards and share them out. Each player takes turns to turn over their card, put it down and read the word. If it matches the previous card played, the first person to notice shouts 'snap!' and wins the pile. This game is best used to practise words your child knows fairly well, rather than new ones, as it's quite fast-paced.

 

Once your child knows a word reliably, you can 'retire' it from your current pack of cards and bring in a new word. Every so often, play a game with the 'retired' cards, so that your child doesn't forget them. It's a good idea to try and discard an known word and add a new word every day, once your child is getting the hang of learning new words.